Scope: 1895, 1906-1955
Size: 5 c.f.
Languages: Ukrainian, French, Polish, German and English
Collection Description • Biography
The Tokarzewski-Karaszewicz Collection is divided into four series: correspondence (1908-1954); subject files (1918-1948); writings, including manuscripts, published articles, and research (1923-1954); and personal files (1895, 1906-1954). The collection as a whole provides insights into the immediate post-World War I period in Ukraine, especially with regard to the Ukrainian National Republic under the command of Symon Petliura and subsequently the government-in-exile. It is also a good source for studying Ukrainian political refugee life of members and employees of former Ukrainian diplomatic and economic missions of the UNR, as well as its leaders and statesmen in Paris and England.
The bulk of the collection is comprised of correspondence to Tokarzewski-Karaszewicz which is arranged alphabetically by correspondent, although some correspondence is addressed to his wife, Oksana Lototska-Tokarzewski. Most of the letters were written during their years in exile in Paris, Rome, and London. The correspondence is addressed to him from leaders of the Ukrainian government-in-exile A. Choulguine (O. Shulhyn), A. Livytsky, S. Petliura, and V. Prokopovych, and includes letters from other Ukrainian political figures such as D. Doroshenko, V. Lypynsky, M. Jeremijew (Yeremiiv), P. Chanedroucq (Shandruk), Y. Stetzko, and M. Tyszkiewicz (Tyshkevych), as well as French political figures such as F. D'Esperey, J. Noulens, and G. Tabouis. The correspondence also consists of letters from prominent civic leaders, artists, journalists, scholars, and writers: P. Kholodny, V. Perebyiniss, D. Chaikovskyi, V. Kedrowsky (Kedrovsky), D. Donzov, V. Derzhavyn, G. Genocchi, Y. Glovinsky, E. Insabato, R. Jendyk, F. Mazade, G. Roussow (Y. Rusov), R. Smal-Stotsky, and I. Svientsitsky. Important religious figures represented in the correspondence include most notably Andrew Szeptycky (Sheptytsky), Greek Catholic archbishop of Lviv and Greek Catholic metropolitan of Halych; Polikarp Sikorsky, Metropolitan of the Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church; T. Halushchynsky; and Josaphat J. Jean. Family correspondence comprises letters from Tokarzewski-Karaszewicz's sister, Hélène Gromnicka, and her family, as well as Tokarzewski-Karaszewiczs living in Lviv. Much of the rest of the correspondence pertains to personal friends and his research in heraldry. Any letters with unidentifiable signatures are filed according to the first letter of the last name, if distinguishable, and if not, are filed at the end of the series.
The series of subject files principally regard Tokarzewski-Karaszewicz's diplomatic work in Istanbul as adviser and then consul general for the UNR mission (1919-1921). These files include correspondence, reports, and statutes. Other subjects in this series relate to the Black Sea alliance, Catholic dignitaries, the famine, the Schwartzbard trial, and statutes of the Ukrainian National Republic.
Writings include both manuscripts and published articles by Tokarzewski-Karaszewicz and his wife, Oksana. His writings are on topics such as Ukrainian foreign relations, geography, history, heraldry, and politics. Most of his articles were published in ABN Correspondence, Holos molodi, France-Orient, Tryzub, Ukrainets-chas, Ukrainska dumka, and Vyzvolnyi shliakh. Oksana Lototska-Tokarzewski published articles on Ukrainian affairs as well which appeared in Conquiste, Corriere Diplomatico e Consolare, L'Idea di Roma, L'Osservatore Romano, and Vistnyk (Lviv). This series also holds Tokarzewski-Karaszewicz's research notes on various heraldries including his own.
The final series, personal files, comprises documents (i.e. birth and marriage certificates, diplomas, official governmental appointments, etc.), identifications (i.e. passports, visas, etc.), photographs (Abdulhac Hamid and Mme Ferid Bey, Louis de Bourbon, Wilhelm Habsburg-Lothringen, Simon Petliura's funeral, Tokarzewski-Karaszewicz, ABN conference, UNR government (1922)), and miscellaneous papers, pins, badges, stamps, and seals.
Jan Tokarzewski-Karaszewicz was born on June 24, 1885 in Chabanivka, Ushytsia county, Podilia gubernia, to Stefan and Laura Janiszewska (descendent from Polish nobility). He completed gymnasium at Zhytomyr in 1906, and then went on to obtain a doctorate in philosophy and economics at Fribourg University in Switzerland in 1909. The following year he continued his studies at the Universities of Vienna and Toulouse. In 1911-1918 he worked in the Poltava gubernial and zemstvo administrations and was general comptroller of the zemstvo Red Cross Committee. He served as an adviser to the Ukrainian National Republic missions in Vienna (June 1918 to June 1919) and Istanbul (August 1919 to March 1920) and as consul general in Istanbul (to December 1921). In Vienna on April 29, 1922 he married Oksana Lototska (her second marriage), who was born on April 14, 1897 in Kiev to Oleksander and Nymphodora Roudenko. She had also served at the Ukrainian diplomatic mission in Turkey from 1919 to 1920. In the years 1922-1924 Tokarzewski-Karaszewicz became director of the Ministry of External Affairs for the UNR government-in-exile which was first in Poland (TarnÓw from 1920-1923 and Warsaw from 1923-1939). In Paris (from 1924) he headed the International Heraldic Institute and supported the Promethean Movement; in Rome (from 1936) he worked in the Vatican Archives; and in London (from 1948) he was a leading member of the Anti-Bolshevik Bloc of Nations. His writings included numerous articles in Polish, French, Italian, German, and English on Ukrainian history, literature, and heraldry, as well as the unpublished monograph 'Istoriia ukrainskoi dyplomatii'. Tokarzewski-Karaszewicz died in London on November 18, 1954.