Geoff Dubrow

Legacies of an Early Post-Totalitarian State:
Corruption and Economic Reform in Ukraine

1999 President and Fellows of Harvard College Hardcopy may not be reproduced or distributed without the permission of the Publications Office of the Ukrainian Research Institute of Harvard University. Online version may be downloaded for personal use only. No further reproduction or distribution is permitted without the permission of the Publications Office of the Ukrainian Research Institute of Harvard University. For inquiries contact the Director of Publications at:

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Dedications
Acknowledgements
INTRODUCTION
1. OVERVIEW
Introducing corruption
The problem with anti-corruption efforts in Ukraine
Defining post-totalitarianism in the Eastern European & former Soviet contexts
2. ANALYSIS
I. IDEOLOGY. IDENTIFYING DETERMINANTS OF IDEOLOGICAL TRANSFORMATION
DeterminantI. Were founding elections favorable for the democratic opposition elite?
The Importance of historical determinants
Determinant II. Was the issue underlying mass mobilizations independence or democracy?
The FSR's
The EER's
Post-totalitarian starting points in the post-Soviet era
Path I. Communists lose first election and new regime undertakes successsful economic reform
Path II. Communists win first election and stall economic reform
The Ukrainian experience: Incomplete founding elections, victorious communists, movement organizations and the privileging of independence over wdemocracy
A nationalist rebirth
Weak opposition democratic and nationalist forces
The critical role of movement organizations
The founding elections
II. ECONOMIC REFORM. STARTING POINTS AND PREREQUISITES FOR ECONOMIC LIBERALIZATION
Data on regulatory system as an assessment of micro liberalization
Exploring Ukraine's hi regulatory indicators
Looking at the legacies: Path Ia countries
The Hungarian experience
Path Ib countries
Path II countries. Economics society in a path IIb country: the case of Ukraine
Ukraine's totalitarian legacy
Continuity in post-communist Ukraine
III. INSTITUTIONS: INSTITUTIONAL CHOICES & BLOCKAGES
(i) Building accountable and responsive democratic political institutions.
Institutional chice in the post-soviet context
Classifying goverment systems
The importance of institutional design
Deficiencies in institutional development in the post-Soviet states
(ii) Bureaucratic accountability
Post-Soviet Bureaucracies in the former Soviet Union
Lack of Accountability and the Apparat
The bureaucracy and the blocking of reform during the Gorbachev era
The bureucracy and the blocking of reform during the Yeltsin era
The bureucracy and the blocking of reform in Ukraine
CONCLUSION
VI. POST SCRIPT I: RECOMMENDATIONS
POST SCRIPT 2: HAS ANYTHING CHANGED?
Endnotes
Bibliography

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