Eighteenth Century

Historical Summary

16. Hryhorii Skovoroda (1722-1794)
“Razgavor”
(A Dialogue, 1781)

Most of this philosopher and poet's works circulated in manuscript copies. Skovorda's (1722-1794) moral system centered on the doctrine of congenial work. He maintained that to attain happiness humans must fulfill themselves in action by assuming the congenial task or vocation assigned to them by God.

Gift of Bayard L. Kilgour, Jr., January 1953.


17. Stefan Iavors'kyi (1658-1722), Metropolitan of Riazan'.
Kamen' viery
(The Rock of Faith)
Kyiv: Kyivan Caves Monastery, 1730.

This anti-Protestant treatise became an important doctrinal statement for Ukraine.

Gift of the Ukrainian Studies Fund, November-December 1975. From the Library of Sergei Diaghilev and Sergei Lifar.


18. Iroicheskaia piesn' o pokhodie
(The Tale of Ihor's Campaign)
Moscow, 1800.

This epic poem of the late 12th century by an anonymous author describes the unsuccessful campaign in 1185 by Ihor Sviatoslavych, prince of Novhorod-Siverskyi, against the Cumans (Polovtsians), and then contemplates the fate of the territories of Rus'. The work has been the subject of much controversy since its discovery, some believing it to be a 12th century original, others assuming it to be an 18th century forgery. The “original copy” was discovered in 1795, published in 1800, and then perished in the Moscow fire of 1812.

Gift of Bayard L. Kilgour, Jr., 1951.


19. Ioan Maksymovych (1651-1751), Archbishop of Chernihiv.
Alfavit sobrannyi, rifmami slozhennyi ot s[via]tykh pisanii
(An Alphabet Compiled and Rhymed from the Holy Scriptures)
Chernihiv, 1705.

Maksymovych, Archbishop of Chernihiv, and in 1711 appointed Metropolitan of Siberia, founded Chernihiv College, one of the oldest secondary schools in Ukraine.

Gift of Dr. and Mrs. Sofron Nedilsky, and the Ukrainian Studies Fund, November-December 1975. From the Library of Sergei Diaghilev and Sergei Lifar.


20. Ioan Maksymovych (1651-1751), Archbishop of Chernihiv.
Featron, ili, Pozor nravouchitelnyi
Chernihiv, 1708.

While in Chernihiv, Maksymovych published sermons, epigrams, and poems, including Alfavit sobrannyi and Featron.

Gift of Dr. and Mrs. Myroslaw Kolensky, and the Ukrainian Studies Fund, November-December 1975. From the Library of Sergei Diaghilev and Sergei Lifar.


21. Vo slavu sviatye
(Didactic Psalter)
Kyiv: Kyivan Caves Monastery, 1728.

This Psalter includes two engravings signed by the noted Kyiv engraver Averkii Kozachkivskyi.

Teodor Balko Memorial Book Fund, 1993.