Philology and Linguistics

Historical Summary

37. Pamva Berynda (1570's-1632)
Leksikon slavenorosskii
(A Slavonic-Ruthenian Lexicon)
Kuteino, 1653.

Reprint of the 1627 Kyiv edition with a new introduction by Hieromonk Ioil' Trutsevych of Kuteino Monastery. Berynda's Lexicon was intended to provide literary Ruthenian equivalents for nearly 7000 Church Slavonic words and foreign terms as part of the effort to bolster the literary position of Church Slavonic in the face of strong Polish influence. It remains an invaluable resource for seventeenth-century Ruthenian lexicology.

Gift of Mr. and Mrs. Papushkevich, Mr. and Mrs. Mykola Petrasz, Mr. and Mrs. Mykola Taraban, and the Ukrainian Studies Fund, November-December 1975. From the Library of Sergei Diaghilev and Sergei Lifar.


38. Bukvar'
(Primer)
L'viv: Ivan Fedorovych, 1574.

A unique copy of the first Church Slavonic primer. Ex libris: Count Grigorii Stroganov Serge Diahilev Boris Kochno. One other copy was discovered in England and acquired by the British Library in 1982. Roman Jakobson edited a facsimile of the Harvard copy and published it in the Harvard Library Bulletin 9 (1955).

A Gift of Bayard L. Kilgour, Jr., 1951.


39. Mykola Hatstsuk (1832-1891)
Ukrains'ka abetka
(Ukrainian Abecedary)
Moscow, 1861.

A Ukrainian alphabet-primer with verse and woodcuts.

Gift of Mr. Myron Surmach, December 1974.


40. Meletii Smotryts'kyi (1577-1633)
Hrammatika slavianskaia
(Slavonic Grammar)
Moscow, 1648.

Smotryts'kyi's Grammar, based on Byzantine Greek and Latin models, especially those of Melanchthon, became the standard for Church Slavonic not only in Ruthenia, but Russia, Serbia, Croatia, and Romania as well. While intended as a handbook of normative Church Slavonic, the Grammar betrays the Ruthenian background of the author. First published by Smotryts'kyi in 1619 in Vievis (Jevje), Lithuania as Gramatiki slavenskiia pravilnoe syntagma (The Correct Structure of Slavonic Grammar). The preface includes passages attributed to Maximus the Greek. The grammar ends with an excursus on prosody and metrics. This slightly revised edition of 1648 was published anonymously in Moscow. The influence of Smotryts'kyi's work extended well into the eighteenth century and was openly acknowledged by Lomonsosov.

Gift of the Ukrainian Studies Fund, November-December 1975. From the Library of Sergei Diaghilev and Sergei Lifar.